Actual State

February 20, 2016—July 10, 2016
North Carolina Museum of Art
The term actual state refers to a painting wherein the old varnishes and restorations have been removed, revealing the true condition of the original paint layer.

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Throughout its life, a painting can be restored many times, hiding years of damage, accidental or otherwise. As part of a conservation treatment, paintings are cleaned, or returned to their actual state, and revarnished. After revarnishing, areas of damage are blended in with the surroundings using special paints made just for conservators—a process called inpainting or retouching.  The extent of damage is very rarely revealed to the museumgoer.

In this rare opportunity, visitors can get a behind-the-scenes look as this process unfolds. Actual State features two Flemish paintings from our collection currently attributed to a follower of Bernard van Orley: The Ascension and The Pentecost (both circa 1530).  Conservation treatment has been completed on The Ascension (cleaned, varnished, and retouched), while in the frame next to it is a photographic reproduction of The Pentecost prior to retouching.  The painting of The Pentecost sits on an easel nearby—in its actual state. While on public display, it will undergo inpainting to retouch old losses, abrasions, and other damages. In an unusual fashion, only one side of the composition will be retouched first, so that the change can be readily seen.

Actual State is the first in a series of permanent collection focus exhibitions highlighting the work of the NCMA’s Conservation Department.

Conservation treatment of The Pentecost, circa 1530 (by a follower of Bernard van Orley, oil on panel, 37 1/2 x 43 1/2 in., Purchased with funds from the State of North Carolina)

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