In the 19th century, British anthropologist Sir Edward Tylor asserted that the primary function of religion is to explain the mechanisms by which natural phenomena occur. He proposed that this is what motivates societies to depict their deities with an anthropomorphic likeness. If gods are the only power higher in the natural order than humans, Tylor reasoned, then the human form must be inherently divine. This virtual gallery tour examines how the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians used sculpture to visualize their gods as human or animal beings. These objects fall into two thematic categories: works that present a deity who personifies one particular facet of the human experience (singularity), and those that use the image of a divine being to conflate two aspects of human culture into one (duality).